Tokyo tourist map: The Many Meanings Of Temae


temae is a give-and-take inward Japanese formed from the kanji for "hand" too "in front end of," too basically agency "in front end of."

But temae has accrued diverse meanings inward Japanese. The simplest is the literal pregnant of "in front end of" or "on the side of the observer." For example, If something is on "the close side" (in relation to the observer, of course) it is temae gawa (手前側) - the gawa pregnant "side." Or if something is inward the left foreground, it is temae hidari (手前左).

To drib someone off at "Tanaka-san no uchi no sukoshi temae" (田中さんの家の少し手前) agency "to drib them off a piffling fleck earlier the Tanakas' place"

temae is too a rough-and-ready way of proverb "you," but exclusively used past times immature males, too non recommended at all for role past times the linguistic communication learner. It oftentimes gets corrupted to temeh - amongst the "meh" drawn out for extra contemptuous effect. However, inward a foreign twist of lingual history, add together a "domo" on the terminate (temaedomo 手前ども) too you lot acquire a really humble phrase used past times store owners pregnant "my shop."

H5N1 really useful phrase to know inward Japanese is ippotemae 一歩手前 (literally "one pace this side of"), which, every bit the literal translation suggests, agency "one pace curt of," "on the brink of," "just this side of."  For example, nijussai ippotemae (20歳の一歩手前) agency "just this side of 20," "on the verge of turning 20."

The closeness to the self that temae suggests leads to all the same around other meaning, this fourth dimension to create amongst self-centeredness. temaegatte 手前勝手 agency self-centered, self-serving, or patently selfish. Similarly temaejougi 手前定規 agency "self-serving logic."

But peradventure the almost interesting pregnant of temae is the feel of "face." For example, receive got the phrase, oya no temae 親の手前: oya agency "parents" (you could role whatsoever give-and-take for people here, such every bit someone's mention or "sister," "teacher," "prime minister," etc.) too the temae hither agency "face" inward the feel of "reputation, standing." For example, oya no temae minute aru no de, nakenakatta 親の手前もあるので、泣けなかった, agency "I couldn't proper substantive because my parents were there" amongst the unsaid pregnant beingness "considering that they are my parents too what I create reflects on them, I withheld my tears for the sake of non embarrassing them."

In other words, temae hither involves acknowledging the social conventions inward house too the social pressures at move on a item someone too behaving inward that person's presence accordingly. Indeed, non to create too then would endure temaegatte!


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